- 열유도 상분리에 의한 폴리디페닐아세틸렌 유도체의 급격한 형광증대
Phase change and fluorescence properties of the polydiphenylacetylene derivative, poly[1-phenyl-2-(p-trimethysilyl) phenylacetylene] (PTMSDPA), were investigated according to the thermally induced phase separation (TIPS) method. 1,4-dioxane was selected as the theta solvent from solvents having solubility parameters similar to that of the polymer, and the phase diagram of the solution of PTMSDPA/1,4-dioxane was derived using the cloud-point method. A critical point appeared at a concentration of 0.88×10-2 M and a temperature of 51.6 oC as the theta condition. During the cooling process, a significant fluorescence enhancement occurred near the critical point, because collision quenching and vibration relaxation in the polymer chain, which causes non-radiative emission decay, are restrained by the abrupt phase separation between the polymer and the solvent. This study provides a tentative method for producing highly fluorescent nanoparticles and microporous membranes by applying TIPS to fluorescent conjugated polymers.